Few people expected Larry Ellison to keep Sun Microsystems' hardware business when Oracle bought the company for $7.9 billion in 2010.
The belief was that Ellison and Oracle executives were after Sun's software and developer assets, such as Solaris and Java. There was no reason for a top-tier enterprise software maker like Oracle to get into the hardware business, particularly systems that were primarily based on the SPARC/Solaris architecture at a time when most businesses were gravitating toward Intel and x86.
But Ellison continued to say that he not only intended to keep the Sun hardware, but would increase investment in it. With the SPARC systems, Oracle would be in control of the entire stack, from software to systems to processors, and would have both software and hardware engineering teams in house, all assets that few other vendors possessed.
Over the past five years, Oracle has steadily upgraded the SPARC chip architecture and the servers that run on it. At the company's OpenWorld 2015 user conference this week, Oracle officials unveiled the latest processor, the SPARC M7, and a family of systems powered by the chip. However, the M7 is the first chip completely designed by Oracle, and brings home Ellison's vision of what the combination of hardware and software can do.
The new processor includes software features integrated onto the silicon that are designed to bring improved data security and database performance. Oracle's Software in Silicon initiative was born out of discussions between hardware and software engineers about how software and silicon could be worked together to enhance application performance.
It's something that Oracle officials expect to continue, according to John Fowler, executive vice president of systems for the vendor.
"The next decade of systems development is about incorporating key functions of application software into silicon," Fowler said during a video presentation talking about the SPARC M7.
The processor includes two embedded security functions and a database function. Under the Security in Silicon effort, Oracle is looking to better secure data in memory and accelerating encryption with hardware. With Silicon Secured Memory, Oracle strengthens access control to data in memory to protect against malicious intrusion. Blocks of memory that an application wants to access are assigned a key—what Oracle officials call a "color bit." The software can access only that block of memory, and when it's no longer needed, the color bit is discarded and the process starts all over.
With Hardware-Assisted Encryption, Oracle engineers put the software function into all 32 of the chip's cores. By putting the encryption in the chip, Oracle not only accelerated it but ensured that much of the processor's resources are kept free to do other tasks, according to Fowler. Software-based encryption tends to use up much of the processing power.
"Encryption is a foundational element of enterprise computing, and we believe we should have done this a long time ago," Fowler said in an online question-and-answer session on the company website. "Everyone needs to run their data centers fully encrypted—nothing should be done 'in the clear.' That's the future of computing. Absolutely everything is encrypted, whether it's stored on a disk, on a wire, on your laptop, in the back-end data center, or on a tape drive. This is the first processor that enables that."
With SQL in Silicon, Oracle is adding co-processors to all 32 cores, which can be used to offload tasks—such as memory decompression, memory scan and filtering—from the core and enhance the efficiency and performance of database applications. The result is lower memory utilization and 10 times better database query performance, according to Oracle officials. Oracle Database 12c In-Memory supports the new capability.